Prune Production of Argentina
Mendoza is the most important prune producer province in Argentina, exports approximately 80% of its output to the Brazil, Italy, Spain, Uruguay and France
The D’Agen Plum
Made its first appearance in Argentina in 1901, when one Leopoldo Suarez imported the variety from France for cultivation purposes within his agricultural concerns in the Santa Rosa and San Martin departments, located in the Province of Mendoza.
It was on these properties, numbering among the largest concerns to produce this species in Argentina at the time, that he managed to successfully cultivate no less than 20 hectares of D’ Agen plum trees.
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According to the Census of 1910 for Agribusiness and the Grape and Wine-growing, Fruit farming and Olive-growing industries (page 12), tests carried out at the National School for Grape and Wine-growing, as well as those conducted by certain Fruit-farming concerns, led experts to recommend the plantation and cultivation of this species over the whole province, owing specifically to its flavour and size.
Subsequent studies give an account of the increasing amount of success achieved by the production of this fruit, success achieved both as the prune itself and as a prune in syrup. Ever since then, cultivation of the Agen plum tree has spread to the whole Province. The largest plantations were established south of Mendoza, where one may now find 68% of the total area under cultivation for the Province. Elsewhere in the country, Agen plum tree plantations yield a negligible amount in commercial terms.
Mendoza is practically the only prune-producing province in Argentina. There are 285,000 hectares of cultivated land in this province, 80,000 hectares of which are planted with fruit trees. Out of the total area currently given over to Fruit-farming, approximately 17,000 hectares are cultivated with plum trees. Between the years 1988 and 1992 there was a 70% increase in land cultivated with plum trees, with the European plum covering 11,468 hectares of this new total; that is, nearly 67% of the total area under cultivation.
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