Eureka Lemon variety averaging 5 centimeters in diameter, with an oblong shape. They have a vibrant yellow skin with sunken oil glands, resulting in a textured surface. The rind is full of volatile oils, providing an intense citrus aroma. Eureka lemon have a pronounced blossom-end knob, called a mammilla, and a medium-thick white pith. The juicy, yellow flesh contains few to no seeds and offers a tart and acidic flavor.
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Trees grow to between 10 and 20 feet tall, with a spreading and open growth habit. They are almost thornless with sparse foliage in comparison to Meyer lemons. Meyer trees are smaller, bushy trees that make ideal container plants and have also been grown as hedges. Meyer trees are a self-pollinated tree that grows to about 10 feet tall. In Argentine the most important grower of Eureka lemon is the Tucuman province at north of the Argentina.
Differences between lemon Eureka and Meyer
Both varieties of trees produce fruit year round when grown in warm climates, but the time each tree shows the heaviest production is different. Eureka trees produce fruit abundantly, with most fruit production occurring during the spring to summer months. Meyer trees bear fruit mainly in fall to winter. Meyer produce orange-yellow fruit that is thinner-skinned than eureka lemons. They resemble a large orange in shape, color and pulp, more than they do a true lemon. Eureka trees produce oblong, juicy fruit that has a medium-gold color, and while the skin is thicker than Meyer lemons, it is softer. Meyer tend to be sweeter and less acidic than eureka.
Read our article: Argentina as a global producer of fresh lemon
Argentina industrializes 77% of the crop and exports 18% of it fresh. It is the world’s leading lemon processor and the main exporter of concentrated lemon juice, pulp, essential oil, and dehydrated peels.
The peel is used to extract pectin, a product used as a thickener in the food and pharmaceutical industry. The oil is expensive, as 3 to 4 lemons are needed to obtain 1 drop of oil. It is used by the food industry, as a flavoring, and to manufacture cosmetics, perfumes, and cleaning products.
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