Argentina, a world reference as a producer of beans and legumes
Beans and other legumes have a fundamental role for ecology and health. Legumes are foods rich in fibers and minerals, but also contributes to the environment protection. Cultivation of beans and legumes maintain the quality and mineral balance of soil.
The consumption is very low in Argentina. The 98% of the production is exported. The main buyer is Brazil, followed by Spain, although demand from India and China increases, opening new possibilities to Argentina’s market.
Report of Argentine production: beans and other pulses.
According to data from the Ministry of Agribusiness of Argentina, the production of pulses covered a cultivated area of more than 640,000 hectares during the last campaign.
The producers allocated the largest area to bean production, followed by chickpeas, peas and lentils. The productive regions of each food are:
- Beans: NOA (northwest region), with the province of Salta as the main producer. Regarding varieties, almost half of the production corresponds to beans, followed by black beans.
- Chickpeas: Center and NOA regions
- Peas and lentils: Center region.
Domestic consumption and exports of beans and legumes.
Domestic consumption is modest; According to data from the Ministry of Agribusiness, it barely reaches 250 grams per inhabitant per year, one of the lowest in the world. Almost a half corresponds to the consumption of lentils, followed by beans, peas and chickpeas.
Argentina exports more than 98% of its production. Our main buyers are Brazil, in fact the first importer and producer of beans, Spain, Pakistan and Italy.
Targeting new markets: adzuki, mung and maiz pisingallo (popcorn)
The adzuki bean is widely consumed in China and other countries of Asia. For Japan it is the second most popular legume and is used to make the traditional sweet bean paste. According to official data, since 2006 Argentina has been ranked as the sixth largest exporter of adzuki beans.
The mung bean, is used both in human food, fresh and dry, and in industry to obtain flours and animal feed. The main producer and consumer is India, followed by other Asian countries where it is widely consumed.
The maiz pisingallo: the popular popcorn, known in Argentina as pochoclo, is not a legume, it is a differentiated corn in which Argentina has a preponderant role: it remains as the world’s leading exporter for more than a decade.
Advantages of Argentine legumes
The Argentinian legume producers has become a management model, positioning the country as a world leader in the production of pulses.
However, buyers must take into account the care of the product by the exporting company and its compliance with the legislation on the country of destination.
The increase in consumption of beans and vegetables by the new giants of the economy such as India and China opens new possibilities to Argentine market taking advantage of the recognized quality of pulses.
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